Cultivation Guide


INTRODUCTION

The strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries. It is cultivated worldwide for its fruit. The fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. It is consumed in large quantities, either fresh or in such prepared foods as preserves, juice, ice creams, milkshakes, and chocolates. Artificial strawberry flavorings and aromas are also widely used in many products like lip gloss, candy, jam, jelly and many others.

In India Mahabaleshwar is famous Hill Station and Famous for strawberries where 80% of strawberries are being cultivated, strawberries are also cultivated in other regions of India like Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Ooty, J&K, Rajasthan etc.

Strawberries are rich source of antioxidants they support the immune system they may help with blood sugar regulation they may have antimicrobial effects they may improve heart health they can help with weight management Strawberries are also been credited as having cancer- fighting compounds.

Nutritional and health values of the strawberry fruit

Energy

45 cal

Vitamin A

45 IU

Protein

1.0 g

Vitamin C

94 mg

Fat

0.0 g

Niacin (Vitamin B3)

540 mcg

Carbohydrate

11 g

Folate

29.38 mcg

Dietary fiber

2.0 g

Manganese

540 mcg

Calcium

23.2 mg

Iron

0.6 mg

Magnesium

16.6 mg

Selenium

1.16 mg

Potassium

170 mg

Zinc

0.2 mg

Phosphorous

31.5 mg

Sodium

0 mg

SOIL REQUIREMENT

Strawberries are perennials that need rich soil with lots of organic matter and a slightly acidic pH (between 5.5 and 6.5). Work in compost, rotted manure and some peat moss at planting time. Another good addition is granular fertilizer. Strawberries can adapt very well to wide range of soils strawberries can perform excellent in well-drained sandy loam soils at least 12inches deep heavy soil provide good result if drained is adequate

Some strawberry varieties which easily come in contact with fungal diseases in the soil for many years because of the crops which were cultivated before in the same filed, we highly suggest you to plant strawberries in a newly prepared filed where you have not planted potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry, gooseberry, cherries.

CLIMATE

Strawberry can be classified according to the suitability of varieties for a specific period there are three types of strawberries being grown commercially Short Day, Day Neutral, and ever bearing

SELECTION OF VARIETIES:

Short day or "June Bearing" strawberries produce a single, large crop per year during a 2 – 3 week period in the spring. June bearers are the traditionally grown plants, producing a single flush of flowers and many runners. They are classified into early, mid-season and late varieties like

Ever bearing strawberry plants also produce fewer runners. The fruit of ever bearing strawberries is generally smaller than June-bearing strawberries too

Day neutral strawberry plants are unique. Unlike June bearing varieties, day neutral strawberries will produce a good yield in the first year they are planted. They flower and set strawberries whenever the temperature is between 35 and 85 degrees

Strawberry is an important fruit crop of India and its commercial production is possible in temperate and sub-tropical areas of the country. Varieties are available which can be cultivated in the subtropical climate. In India, it is generally cultivated in the hilly areas.

Varieties:

AMIGA

MARGHERITA

WINTER DAWN

SELVA

CAMAROSA

MARISOL

WINTER STAR

SHAKED

FESTIVAL

ROCIERA

FLAVIA

PELES

NABILA

SA

FLAMINIA

ROTEMI

KEMILA

SWEET CHARLIE

RANIA

VENTENA

MELLISA

SWEET SENSATION

FORTUNA

VERTONA

STRAWBERRY NUTRIENTS

Why Fertigation

The only method for possible for plastic mulched beds Increased yield and fruit quality Improved efficiency of application Flexibility to control plant growth response

Major Elements & Micro Nutrients

Nitrogen: 
Important element in leaves and roots at the time of plantation
Highest uptake from start of growth to flowering
Excess N causes vegetative growth, softer fruits, more Botrytis,
Low down the use of nitrogen when the plants start fruiting
Required only if need for plants at the time of fruiting

Magnesium
Important for chlorophyll synthesis
High levels of K are antagonistic
Most up take takes place during vegetative growth and flowering

Phosphorus
Important for root development and flower initations
Highest uptake following planting and flowering
During fruiting P is accumulated in fruits (in seeds) at expense of leaves, petioles, and roots

 

BORON
Important for root development vegetative growth and pollen fertility
Uptake increases during flowering
Narrow band between deficiency and toxicity
Excess causes tip burn leaf scorch soft fruit
High P inhibits uptake

Potassium
Regulates stomatal activity
Important for sugar production
Highest demand during flowering and fruiting
Fruit accumulates most of the K
Does not necessarily increase fruit firmness

Maganese
Catalyst for enzyme systems
Essential for uptake of P and Mg
High PH inhibits uptake
Uptake is constant during growth

Calcium
Important for development for roots, young leaf and buds
Important for fruit firmness
Shortage causes tip burn
High K, NH4 antagonistic to uptake
Peak demand from planting to flowering
2 tank systems needed to supply

Iron
Importance for the synthesis for chlorophyll
Highest uptake during early development
High PH reduce uptake
Waterlogging loss of fine roots hair reduces uptake
K, NH4 REDUCES PH increases less Fe uptake
NO3 , SO4 , PO4 + PH less Fe uptake

Some Statistical Facts

2200

Popularity

5000

Visits

1200

Happy Customers

300

Hector

Strawberry Cultivation Area Only in Mahabaleshwar

Made With Love
Organic
Seasonal